Main Article Content

Sri Wardani


Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness in the form of loss of contact with reality and difficulty in distinguishing between real and non-real. The mortality rate of schizophrenic sufferers is 8 times higher than the number of population deaths in general. The prevalence of schizophrenia in Riau Province in the past 5 years has also continued to increase. quantitative with case-control design. Research Locations at Selat Panjang Health Center. The sample in this study consisted of 90 respondents from 45 cases and 45 controls. Sampling was carried out by purposive sampling. The measuring instrument in this study was an interview with a questionnaire guide, recording and direct observation of the surrounding environment. Data analysis was univariate and bivariate using the Chi Square test. The results showed that there was a relationship between heredity OR 2.813 (95% CI: 1.117-6.721), personality type with OR 12, 364 (95% CI: 4.558-33.536), economic status with OR value 3.077 (95% CI = 1,286-7,336), precipitating factors with OR 4.054 b (95% CI = 1.678-9.798) with the incidence of schizophrenia. There is no relationship between residence and the incidence of schizophrenia. It is hoped that families can improve mentoring and supervision and increase self-confidence for family members who are at risk of schizophrenia, as well as Puskesmas to increase mental health promotion to the community as well as increase empowerment programs and increase skills for the community as well as synergize with other sector lists including religious and community leaders.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wardani S, Afrizal. RISK FACTORS OF SKIZOFRENIA IN THE PUSKESMAS SELAT PANJANG, MERANTI ISLANDS DISTRICT. BIGES JUKES [Internet]. 2021Sep.15 [cited 2021Nov.28];13(1):50-6. Available from: https://ejurnal.biges.ac.id/index.php/kesehatan/article/view/191


Hogan, M.F. (2008). Assessing the Economic Costs of Serious Mental Illness. American Journal Psychiatry. 165:6, June 2008

Halida, N. (2015). Pengalaman Keluarga Dalam Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Perawatan Diri Pada Orang Dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) Dengan Pasung Di Kecamatan Ambulu Kabupaten Jember.

Jiwa, K., Rahmat, D., Yang, T., Esa, M., & Indonesia, P. R. (2014). LEMBARAN NEGARA. 185.

Andina, E. (2013). Protection of Mental Disorders Risk Group. 143–154.

Subu, M. A., Waluyo, I., N, A. E., Priscilla, V., & Aprina, T. (2018). Stigma , Stigmatisasi , Perilaku Kekerasan dan Ketakutan diantara Orang d engan Gangguan Jiwa ( ODGJ ) di Indonesia : Penelitian Constructivist Grounded theory Stigma , Stigmatization , Violence and Fear among People with Mental Illness ( PWMI ) in Indonesia : A Study on Constructivist Grounded Theory. 30(1), 53–60.

Puskesmas, K., Ii, P., & Fibriana, A. I. (2016). FAKTOR RESIKO TERJADINYA SKIZOFRENIA ( Studi Kasus di Wilayah Abstrak. 1(1), 1–12.

Pendekatan, M., Adaptasi, M., & Stuart, S. (2011). Analisa Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Gangguan Jiwa Menggunakan Pendekatan Model Aadaptasi Stress Stuart Fajar Rinawati, Moh Alimansur. 41, 34–38.

Peraturan mentri kesehatan Nomor 4 Tahun 2019 tentang Standar tekhnis pemenuhan mutu Pelayanan dasar pada SPM bidang kesehatan

Asmedi, ed, (2012). Gangguan Jiwa di Indonesia Masih Terabaikan, Kompas 11 Februari 2012.